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(Ginkgo biloba)


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Allain H, Raoul P, Lieury A, et al. Effect of two doses of Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761) on the dual-coding test in elderly subjects. Clinical Therapeutics 1993; 15(3): 549-558.

Brautigam MRH, Blommaert FA, Verleye G.Treatment of age-related memory complaints with Ginkgo biloba extract: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study. Phytomedicine 1998; 5(6): 425-434.

Cohen AJ, Bartlik B. Ginkgo biloba for antidepressant-induced sexual dysfunction. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy 1998; 24: 139-145.

Coles R. Trial of an extract of Ginkgo biloba (EGB) for tinnitus and hearing loss. Clin Otolaryngol 1988; 13: 501-502.

Ellison JM, DeLuca P. Fluoxetine-induced genital anethesia relieved by Ginkgo biloba extract. J Clin Psychiatry 1998; 59(4): 199-200.

Hindmarch I. Activity of Ginkgo Biloba extract on short-term memory. In: Fünfgeld, E.W., ed. Rökan (Ginkgo biloba). Recent Results in Pharmacology and Clinic. New York: Springer-Verlag 1988; pp. 321-326.

Hofferberth B. The efficacy of EGb 761 in patients with senile dementia of the Alzheimer type. A double-blind, placebo controlled study on different levels of investigation. Human Psychopharmacology 1994; 9: 215-222.

Holgers KM, Axelsson A, Pringle I. Ginkgo biloba extract for the treatment of tinnitus. Audiology 1994; 33: 85-92.

Itil T, Martorano D. Natural substances in psychiatry (Ginkgo biloba in dementia). Psychopharmacology Bulletin 1995; 31(1): 147-158.

Itil TM, Eralp E, Tsambis E, et al. Central nervous system effects of Ginkgo biloba, a plant extract. American Journal of Therapeutics 1996; 3: 63-73.

Kanowski S, Herrmann WM, Stephan K, et al. Proof of efficacy of the Ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761 in outpatients suffering from mild to moderate primary degenerative dementia of the Alzheimer type or multi-infarct dementia. Phytomedicine 1997; 4(1): 3-13.

Künkel H. EEG profile of three different extractions of Ginkgo biloba. Neuropsychobiology 1993; 27: 40-45.

LeBars PL, Katz MM, Berman N, et al. A placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized trial of an extract of Ginkgo biloba for dementia. JAMA 1997; 278: 1327-1332.

Liu P, Luo HC, Shen YC, et al. Combined use of Ginkgo biloba extracts on the efficacy and adverse reactions of various antipsychotics. Chi J Clin Pharmacol 1997; 13(4): 193-198. (article in Chinese; abstract and charts in English)

Maurer K, Ihl R, Dierks T, et al. Clinical efficacy of Ginkgo biloba special extract EGb 761 in dementia of the Alzheimer type. J Psychiat Res 1997; 31(6): 645-655.

Murray M. Intermittent claudication: Trental vs. Ginkgo biloba extract. American Journal of Natural Medicine 1995; 2(1): 10-13.

Oken BS, Storzbach DM, Kaye JA. The efficacy of Ginkgo biloba on cognitive function in Alzheimer disease. Arch Neurol 1998; 55: 1409-1415.

Peters H, Kieser M, Hölscher U. Demonstration of the efficacy of ginkgo biloba special extract EGb 761® on intermittent claudication -- a placebo-controlled, double-blind multicenter trial. VASA 1998; 27: 106-110.

Rai GS, Shovlin C, Wesnes KA. A double-blind, placebo controlled study of Ginkgo biloba extract (‘Tanakan’) in elderly out-patients with mild to moderate memory impairment. Current Medical Research and Opinion1991; 12(6): 350-355.

Rapin JR, Lamproglou I, Drieu K, et al. Demonstration of the "anti-stress" activity of an extract of Ginkgo biloba (EGB 761) using a discrimination learning task. Gen Pharmac 1994; 25(5): 1009-1016.

Roncin JP, Schwartz F, D’Arbigny P. EGb 761 in control of acute mountain sickness and vascular reactivity to cold exposure. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 1996; 67(5): 445-452.

Schneider B. Ginkgo-biloba-Extrakt bei peripheren arteriellen Verschlusskrankeheiten. Arzneim Forsch/Drug Res 1992; 42(1): 428-436. (German paper with English summary)

Semlitsch HV, Anderer P, Saletu B, et al. Cognitive psychophysiology in nootropic drug research: effects of Ginkgo biloba on event-related potentials (P300) in age-associated memory impairment. Pharmacopsychiatry 1995; 28: 134-142.

Vesper J, Hänsgen KD. Efficacy of Ginkgo biloba in 90 outpatients with cerebral insufficiency caused by old age. Phytomedicine 1994; 1: 9-16.

Wesnes KA, Faleni RA, Hefting NR, et al. The cognitive, subjective, and physical effects of a Ginkgo biloba/Panax ginseng combination in healthy volunteers with neurasthenic complaints. Pscyhopharmacology Bulletin 1997; 33(4): 677-683.

Winter E. Effects of an extract of Ginkgo biloba on learning and memory in mice. Pharmacology Biochemistry & Behavior 1991; 38: 109-114.